Let me just get this out: I love Neil deGrasse Tyson. I’ve enjoyed watching him on television and have read a couple of his other books. He’s my favorite astrophysicist. I’ve even gotten my fiance to start watching Nova scienceNOW with me, which makes me beyond happy. This book also makes me beyond happy; Tyson makes astronomy and physics delightful to read.
Death by Black Hole is composed of essays Tyson originally wrote for Natural History. They’ve been broken up into sections, which is in keeping with the greats of popular science writing — it’s definitely what Stephen Jay Gould did with his books, and those are almost unfailingly fantastic.
The first section, “The Nature of Knowledge,” contains essays about how we gather information about the world around us. As a geography nerd, I loved his explanation of how something that seems as simple as measuring the length of a border becomes more complex when you adjust the scale at which you’re looking at it, as well as your rules for what to do about curves, tides, and other things that can affect a border. It all fits in with the concept of measurement, and how it works differently depending on your tools, your intent for the result, and the time and culture in which you live.
The next section, “The Knowledge of Nature,” discusses what we do know about how things work. The section on antimatter and subatomic particles was particularly good. They’re such weird concepts that I love to read anyone’s description of them, and Tyson’s particularly enjoyable.
“Ways and Means of Nature,” the third section, discusses how nature appears to us. Tyson discusses constants and limits found in nature, which are interesting to know about. He also discusses how the work of people like Newton still contains practical, useful concepts and rules. This is nice; I like knowing that my high school physics hasn’t all gone out of style.
The fourth section, “The Meaning of Life,” has information about how life started on Earth and how it might start other places. This is probably one of the more controversial sections. People vary widely in their opinions on both topics, but, in my opinion, Tyson gives a nice rundown that seems very reasonable.
The most entertaining section is next. “When the Universe Turns Bad” contains his essays on how people, Earth, and the Sun can be destroyed by outside influences. He also talks about what it would be like to fall into a black hole (not so awesome), have Earth hit with a large meteor or asteroid (also not awesome), and to be hit with massive amounts of gamma radiation (surprisingly enough, not awesome). It’s a fun section, in a morbid sort of way.
“Science and Culture” is all about people, how they perceive science and nature, and how often they get it wrong. One particular essay that made me laugh was how movies get science wrong. I found this entertaining for a couple of reasons. The first was that Tyson said he hates people who say, “the book was better,” because he often doesn’t read the book — the movie’s more condensed! The second reason was that, for Pete’s sake, it’s a movie. As long as it’s not egregious, can’t you suspend disbelief for two hours? That essay was still entertaining in the way he intended it to be, but I also thought it was cute for those other reasons.
Lastly, we have “Science and God.” While Tyson doesn’t come right out and say that science and religion are incompatible, he does mention that God has become the answer for the gaps, which I think is very true. The more we know about nature, the less God is responsible for and the less he’s needed in a creator role. He’ll always be needed for comfort and faith; that’s just a fact. But he’s not very effective as a causative factor regarding the physical universe and all it contains.
My only complaint with Death by Black Hole is that sometimes Tyson’s humor doesn’t come through as he intends it to. Sometimes he sounds grumpy, which I don’t think he is. I think he just has a subtle or wry sense of humor that doesn’t translate very well on the page. Having seen him many times in many different appearances, I’m able to gauge his intent a little better than a reader coming to him for the first time. It’s unfortunate that’s the case, and is the only thing that kept me from giving the book a perfect score.